Pilau rice

This is a Rosemary Moon recipe I hadn’t made for yonks. In salad days I’ve been known to add marinated BBQed kebab chunks.

I made this as part of my Geneva on a severe budget cooking experiment: 4 weeks on 20CHF a day. This dish is lovely and it costs all of about 3.50CHF to make. And that’s buying the best aged basmati from my local Indian grocer. Don’t buy rice from the supermarket. The difference between it, and what you can get at an Indian shop is enormous. Just ask for the best they have: you can’t go wrong.

Pilau rice with chana masala
Pilau rice with chana masala

Ingredients

basmati rice to 450ml line in a measuring cup
a couple of tablespoons of ghee
1 large onion cut in half from top to bottom and sliced finely
4 garlic cloves peeled and finely diced
8 whole cloves
8 green cardamom pods, tops slit open
2-4 inches cinnamon stick in pieces
8 peppercorns
1 teasp turmeric
600ml water
chicken stock cube or salt to taste, perhaps 1 teasp
butter for frying
30g dried sultanas
30g slivered or flaked almonds

Method

Wash rice and soak for 30 minutes, then drain for 30 minutes.

Melt ghee in saucepan and gently fry onion over medium heat, stirring, until it softens and then starts to brown. Add the garlic and whole spices and fry, stirring until onions are golden brown. Add rice and turmeric and cook, stirring for 1-2 minutes. Turn heat down and keep cooking and stirring for another couple of minutes – don’t burn! Add stock or water and salt, bring to boil while stirring now and again. Cover, turn heat to low, and simmer for 15 minutes. Turn off the heat and let it sit another 10 minutes or so. In a small pan heat the butter and fry the sultanas and then the almonds. Stir gently into the rice with a fork.

This adds 20 minutes cooking time to the rice because it takes so long to cook the onions, but it’s worth it.

Serves 2 for 3 meals. Reheat in non-stick pan.

Pilau rice, a variation.

Hands down, Indians do the best things to rice. If the rice is good, I’d happily stand at the pot eating it and not bother with the rest of the meal at all.

You can serve this on the side of meat/vegetarian dishes, or you can toss meat through it. Occasionally I’ve added marinated BBQed kebab chunks left over from another meal.

Pilau rice

Ingredients

Basmati rice measured to 450 ml
600 ml chicken stock or salted water
60g ghee
1 large onion, finely sliced
2-4 cloves garlic, peeled and finely chopped
8 whole cloves
8 cardamoms, the top of each split open
2 cinnamon sticks, each c. 2” long, broken nup
8 whole pepper corns
1 teasp turmeric
15g butter
30g dried sultanas
30g flaked almonds

Method

Wash the rice under running water until it runs clear, then soak in water for 30 minutes and then drain for 30 minutes.

Melt the ghee in a saucepan over a medium heat and fry the onion until soft, but not yet browning. Add the garlic and spices less the turmeric, and stir until onions are golden brown. Add the rice and turmeric. The idea now is to make sure the rice grains are coated in the ghee, this takes a couple of minutes, stirring vigilantly. Add the stock, bring to the boil and then simmer on as low heat as possible for about 12 minutes. Remove from the heat and let sit for another 10 minutes or so. This is such a nice thing to be able to do to the rice as it frees up hotplates to do other things with while it happily sits. It will stay warm and happy off the heat for half an hour if you need that much time.

Melt the butter over a low heat and fry the sultanas until they change colour and swell. Put on a plate and then fry the almonds until a little browned. Remove. Mix the sultanas and almonds into the rice. For looks you pile all this onto a warmed serving plate, leaving a few of the almonds and sultanas to sprinkle on top as a garnish. I quite like to leave it all in the saucepan, serve the rice from there and then I can put the lid back on and keep it warm until people ask for more…which will be very, very soon.

Rice with peas

This is a very gentle rice dish, common in India. It goes with everything. I use MJ’s instructions.

To cook the rice:

1) measure rice up to 450ml in a measuring jug

2) put it in a sieve and thoroughly run water through it until the water runs clear. It will be cloudy at first.

3) put it in a bowl and cover it with water to soak for 30 minutes

4) drain in the sieve and let sit to drain more for 30 minutes

Now you can do all sorts of things to it. Today we had rice with peas.

Ingredients

The prepared rice
One onion finely chopped
2 teaspoon cumin seeds
2 cups of peas fresh or frozen
600ml water or stock (I use chicken if not cooking for vegetarians)
1 teasp of salt or a stock cube if using water rather than stock
3 tblsp ghee or oil

Method

In a medium sized saucepan on medium heat, heat the ghee.

When hot put in the cumin seeds and stir for a few seconds while they sizzle. Quickly add the onion and fry until it starts to become a little brown – flecked brown.
Add the rice and peas and stir for a couple of minutes to make sure the rice is well coated with the ghee. You can turn down the heat if the rice is sticking to the pan.
Now add the stock, or water and salt or stock cube. Turn heat to high and stir gently until the water is boiling.

Turn heat to very low and cover pan with lid.

In about 13-15 minutes check that the rice is nicely cooked, it should be dry and soft, no liquid. You may wish to let it sit for ten minutes off the heat at this point. It will stay piping hot. Gently stir as the grains of rice are very fragile so that the rice becomes separate and not stuck together.

Ways I have with arsenic. Rice, that is.

I know I’m supposed to be feeling bad, I love rice and I’ve been poisoning my loved ones and myself with it. But actually, I’m feeling pretty smug. Apparently the worst offender is brown rice, which has always struck me as some sort of punishment from God. I’ve known people who flagellate themselves and they eat brown rice too. Enough said. If you haven’t followed the story, you can see the FDA’s analysis here and a blog discussion of it here.

I’ve been meaning to put down some ways of cooking basmati. You start off with the best rice there is, but that’s not to say one can’t make it even better. If your plan is to bump off the rich rellie and inherit the dosh, I wouldn’t necessarily pick doing it with rice, but if you are choosing rice as your murder weapon, these recipes aren’t for you. Basmati is the lowest scoring on the arsenic measurement. Go brown rice. Trouble is, the rich rellie will probably disown you for daring to dish up the dreadful tasting stuff long before you’ve managed to bump them off.

Yellow rice

This is off the top of my head, from Jaffrey.

Ingredients

450 ml Basmati rice
half a teaspoon of turmeric
half a dozen cloves
half a dozen cardamom pods, slightly opened (this is my addition)
half a dozen peppercorns
a bay leaf
a stick of cinammon
600 ml chicken stock or salted water.
butter

Method

Rinse the rice thoroughly, and then soak in water for half an hour. Drain.

Put rice in saucepan with everything but the butter and bring to the boil, stirring. Cover and turn heat as low as possible. Cook for 12-15 minutes. Turn off and let sit for a bit. Take out whole spices and add maybe a couple of tablespoons or so of butter, mix gently.

That’s it!

Freezes well.

And this is a Charmaine Solomon recipe, again from the top of my head. Love this.

Rice with sesame seeds

Ingredients

Basmati rice to 450ml mark, washed, soaked for 30 minutes and then drained for the same amount of time.
A medium sized carrot (or thereabouts) peeled and grated.
Turmeric
Sesame seeds, a heaped teaspoon (I put in more, love sesame seeds). Toast them first.
Dried sultanas, maybe a handful or so.
600 ml Chicken stock
Ghee

Method

Fry the rice gently in a little ghee until nicely covered with fat, add all the rest of the ingredients, bring to the boil, and then simmer very low for 12 minutes or so. Turn off, you can let it sit before you fluff it up with a fork – gently done – and then serve.

A once off recipe. Almost vegetarian.

It’s interesting to consider that two things which are no good on their own can combine to make something worthy of recording.

In this case I had some tomatoes sitting on the bench for a long time, decidedly unwanted as it’s been a lousy season, but despite that I couldn’t bring myself to throw them away. Eventually I gently fried some onion and garlic, added the tomatoes roughly chopped and let that stew away until I gave up on the process improving them. They were still no good.

Earlier in the week I’d made a complete hash of a roast lamb. My idea had been to slow roast it with garlic, rosemary, olive oil and lots of white wine, adding potatoes at some point which were going to soak up all the lovely liquids I envisaged their sitting in. In practice, I had the heat up way too high and I guess I also should have done all this with a cover over the pan, as the liquids kept evaporating at a devilish rate, the quicker I threw in more wine, the quicker it seemed to disappear. Nonetheless, at the end of proceedings there was a combination of fat and cooking liquids which I popped in the fridge.

Neither of these two things was worthy of being kept, but realising the fridge had to be cleared as we were going to Singapore the next day, I made our guests Thomas and Genia the subjects of an experiment.

While frying some risotto rice – about a coffee cup full – in olive oil, in a separate saucepan the tomatoes and lamb sauce were heating up; then the rice went into the pot. Stirring this on a low heat from time to time, I prepared baby leaf spinach – lots of it. When the rice was close to cooked (I winged this, and I didn’t need to add more stock/water, but was prepared to if necessary), the spinach went in, once it collapsed I put the lid on the pan and let it all sit for five minutes. Grated parmesan was stirred in just before serving. We had a rocket and parmesan salad on the side.

I loved it, but as you can see, it is a dish that will never be cooked again!

While not being vegetarian, I eat a lot less meat than I used to and dishes like this which have no more than a hint of meat in them are perfect for me.

Tomato Rice Nasi tomat

I’m getting behind in making note of new recipes I’ve tried lately which I will forget all about otherwise.

This is from Jaffrey’s Step by Step Cookery, which is, as you would expect of her, Asian and South Asian in content. She warns you here:

When rice is cooked in a thick liquid, there is a tendency for the grains on top to remain slightly underdone. The solution is to turn the rice over halfway through cooking. This must be done quickly to minimise the amount of steam lost.

Advice you will do well to heed, I found when I first tried this Malaysian way with rice. It’s good and it reminds me of home – meaning Australia, of course – over this way you can’t get good South-East Asian. In fact, you can scarcely even get bad South-East Asian!

Ingredients

450ml long-grain rice
4 canned plum tomoatoes, drained
4 tblsp yoghurt
50g shallots/onions peeled and thinly sliced
2.5cm cube fresh root ginger, peeled and finely diced
8-10 fresh mint leaves chopped or ripped coarsely
3 tblsp vegetable oil
5-6 whole cardamom pods*
5cm stick cinnamon*
1/2 teasp cumin seeds*
5 cloves*
1 star anise*
salt

Method

Wash and soak the rice for 30 minutes. Drain.
Mash the tomatoes, beat the yoghurt in a measuring jug until smooth and creamy, then add the tomatoes and water to 600ml mark. Mix well.

Heat oil in heavy-based pan over moderate heat. Add the dry spices marked *, stir and add quickly add the shallots which you fry until they are reddish-brown. Shallots cook MUCH more quickly than onions. Add the ginger and stir once, then the rice which you mix into the pan so that it is coated in everything. Lower the heat it it starts sticking. Pour in the yoghurt-tomato mixture, the mint and salt to taste. Bring to boil and cover well, with foil before lid if that seems necessary. Turn heat to very low, cook for 15 minutes and then quickly mix as described in the quote above. Recover and cook another 15 minutes – ie this takes much longer than rice cooked with water.

Jaffrey suggests this with anything Malaysian on the side. I’m tempted to thrown in something that might make it a meal on its own – something you might take in a thermos, which is on my mind at the moment. I imagine spinach mixed into it after the rice is otherwise ready would be an acceptable addition and might do the trick.

Indian comfort food: rice with yoghurt, variations on.

I seem to have lost the version of this I used to make years ago. This is a terrific one from Jaffrey’s World Vegetarian.

Rice with Yoghurt and Fresh Pomegranate Seeds

2 cups long-grain rice
2 tblesps cold milk
2 cups plus 2 tblsps plain yoghurt, lightly beaten
1-2 teasp salt
1 tblesp chopped coriander
2 teasp vegetable oil
1 teasp brown mustard seeds
several whole dried red chillies
6-8 fresh curry leaves (never mind if you can’t get these)
1 cup fresh pomegranate seeds

Rinse the rice, drain and soak in water for 30 minutes. Drain. Put in saucepan with 3 cups of water, bring to the boil. Cover, turn heat to very low and cook for 30 minutes. Put rice in a large bowl, mash lightly while it cools a little. Stir in the milk, then the yoghurt, coriander and salt to taste.

Heat the oil in a small frying pan, over medium-high heat. When hot put in the mustard seeds which will start popping straight away. Add the chillies and then the curry leaves. After a few seconds take the pan off the heat. Reserve the chillies and pour the rest over the rice and stir.

After the rice has cooled, put in a serving dish and decorate with the pomegranate seeds and the chillies. Serve at room temperature or slightly chilled.

When I made this recently, it was picnic fare and looks were not uppermost in my plans. I omitted the dried chillies and mixed in some chopped fresh red chillies with the pomegranate seeds before packing into containers for the picnicers. In fact I wasn’t particularly precise with the measurements, in particular the yoghurt which I added until it seemed time to stop. I put in less than called for.

As you could imagine, there is endless variation on this basic idea, so it’s a great ‘what’s in the cupboard?’ dish. I drained the yoghurt overnight, so it was fairly thick. I’d run out of curry leaves, but it is truly worth some effort to acquire them, fresh they make an impact which manages to be both subtle and noticeable.